According to World Health Organization (WHO), over 161,000 people die of tobacco use on an average every year in Bangladesh. It is about 19 percent of all deaths.
WHO sources said, marginal rural women compared to men are more addicted to smokeless and chewable tobacco products mainly for socio- economic reason.
A latest research report of WHO said, 43 percent people aged over 15 are addicted to tobacco, and 29 percent of them are women in the country. But most of females use smokeless tobacco.
Many women, however, are victims of indirect smoking.
Research report said, 30 percent women at workplaces and 21 percent women in public places are victims of indirect smoking.
Direct use of tobacco among females is also increasing.
According to a partial result of a survey titled ‘Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) 2017’, the overall use of tobacco across the country has been reduced. But it has reduced more among males than females.
GATS said, the use of tobacco has been reduced by 18.5 percent among males, while 12.2 among females in the last eight years.
Smokeless tobacco (zarda, gul, sadapata, and Nasshi, Khoinee and Kimam) is more prevalent among females in the rural areas. It has become difficult to control it because of its social acceptance.
Four years back, Tamak Birodhi Nari Jote (Tabinaj) conducted a survey among 4546 families in the country’s nine districts. In the survey on use of smokeless tobacco, it was found that there were 63 male users per thousand, while the number of female user was 379.
Rural women are being easily addicted to it because of its easy availability as well as it remains within their purchasing capacity, said Tabinaj.
Health experts said addiction to tobacco products posed the risk to physical and mental health for women. Tobacco products are responsible for cancer at the mouth, stomach and liver. Tobacco plays the indirect role for cancer at the urinal tract and uterus of women.
The use of tobacco is extremely harmful for pregnant women and her baby. She may either give birth to less weight or dead baby.
According to the Cancer Registry Report 2014 of National Institute of Cancer Research and Hospital, 30 percent of the cancer-affected women had the habit of using chewable tobacco. Source: Online.