Childhood cancer

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Childhood cancer

Childhood cancer refers to cancer in people under the age of 18. Children have a lower rate of cancer. Between 0.5% and 4.6% of cancer patients worldwide are children.
According to the World Health Organization, at least three million children are diagnosed with cancer each year. Only 70% of these children can be cured through treatment. However, in low-income countries, 90 percent of children die of cancer due to lack of access to health care.

Why do children get cancer?

Children have a lower risk of developing cancer. However, there are some reasons why children get cancer. One of them is exposure to harmful rays.
The World Health Organization says many children are more likely to develop cancer due to genetic factors. Such examples are commonly found in racially isolated communities.
This may also be due to the fact that the sensitivities vary from person to person based on genetics. Some studies have shown that in addition to the Epstein-Barr virus, hepatitis B, human herpes and the HIV virus can also increase the risk of cancer in children.

Early detection of pediatric cancer –

According to the WHO, most cancers in children have no such symptoms. Due to which it is detected late. In the developed world, since children are closely monitored by their parents and have access to treatment, it is possible to detect cancer at an early stage.
In low-income countries, health care and testing opportunities are scarce and are not caught early.

Types of cancers that are more common in childhood-

Cancer in children is slightly different than in adults. The World Health Organization says leukemia or leukemia is more common in children. One-third of children with cancer have leukemia.
There are also other types of cancers, such as lymphomas and various types of tumors in the central nervous system. There are some cancers that only affect children. Such as neuroblastoma, nephroblastoma, medulloblastoma, and retinoblastoma.
Breast cancer, lung, colon or rectal cancer usually occurs in adults. This type of cancer in children is very rare. Children can get kidney cancer, some cancers of the brain and some cancers of the blood.

Symptoms that cannot be avoided-

According to doctors, cancer can occur in children of any age. However, leukemia usually occurs after the age of one year. It is more common in children aged one to five years. “Leucoma is also a cancer that can affect children of any age.”
Children are usually unaware of their disease and most of the time they don’t even understand how it actually feels. Experts have suggested that parents should be enterprising in this regard.
If the child has the following symptoms, a doctor should be consulted without delay. However, having these symptoms does not mean that they have cancer. However, if there are symptoms, a health check-up should be done with the advice of a doctor.

Symptoms of cancer include:

  1. Fever for many days
    Because the body’s immune system does not work well, many times the fever does not get better. As a result, the patient suffers from fever for many days. It is a symptom of leukemia.
    In that case, it should be checked whether he is really suffering from cancer or any other problem.
    In addition, the body suddenly turns pale or jaundice persists for a long time, jaundice does not get better after taking medicine, the body turns yellow – even if these symptoms, the child is advised to be examined according to the doctor’s advice.
  2. Pain in the body
    If there is pain in any part of the body for a long time and it does not heal, then you must consult a doctor. If a child has been reporting pain in his body for a long time, it should be taken seriously.
    “Maybe he can’t say but it means he’s not feeling well, he’s not letting go, he’s in too much pain.”
  3. Swelling or swelling of the body
    If any part of the body suddenly swells and does not get better in a long time – then you must consult a doctor. Swelling of a gland inside the throat or any part of the body, feeling like a wheel inside the abdomen, swelling at a joint of the body or any joint is not a good sign.
    If such symptoms persist for a long time, a doctor’s advice should be taken.
  4. Headaches and dizziness – which does not go away
    If the child reports headaches or dizziness for a long time, a doctor should be consulted.
  5. Fatigue and excessive sweating
    If the child feels tired all the time without doing any work, does not feel tired even after resting and sweats more than usual – then it must be taken as per the advice of the doctor.
    If the blood that is made from the bone marrow or bone marrow is obstructed in any way, or if the blood clotting material is not made, then there is a sudden bleeding from any part of the body such as the nose, the toilet or the urine.
    This symptom occurs because the blood cannot clot.
    In addition, there may be bleeding inside the skin of the body. When black or red spots appear on the skin then the children become very sick. Then you must take the advice of a doctor.
    If the above mentioned symptoms last for a month or two and are not getting better in any way – then it should be checked. However, it is not possible to say for sure what the reason is before the test.
  6. Sudden weight loss– If the child has an aversion to food, does not want to eat anything, and if the problem persists for a long time, then at one stage the body suddenly loses weight – then it is necessary to check with a doctor. Many times there are some hidden cancers besides the symptoms. In that case there are no separate symptoms, just the baby is not eating, losing weight, crying, playing sports or doing any other work – in this case you need to go to the doctor and get the necessary tests.

The UK Department of National Health Services has provided information on some of the symptoms of cancer that have been advised to seek medical advice if they persist for a long time. There are no separate signs or symptoms of cancer. Like other diseases, it has common symptoms. However, as with other diseases, the symptoms get better with treatment, but not with cancer. Rather the symptoms remain and gradually increase further.

December 2023